Rwanda is the first country to be approved for COVID-19 funding and received US$10 million to address the immediate education challenges posed by the pandemic and contribute to building a more resilient education system for future crises.
Allocation: US$10 million
Grant agent: World Bank
The GPE program supports the equitable expansion of remote learning opportunities by broadcasting curriculum-aligned radio lessons, along with promoting the use of alternative audio-visual materials on TV and on social media.
To ensure the safe return to school of all students when the lockdown ends, the existing model of school grants will be revised to include COVID-19 response measures:
- increasing the provision of hand washing facilities and water tanks
- establishing catch-up programs for students at risk of repetition or dropout
- supplemental grants to provide lunch and learning materials to the most vulnerable pre-primary and primary students for the first term after reopening.
- training teachers in school safety guidelines through radio, television and online channels.
- a back-to-school campaign to educate students and the community at large on disease prevention and ensure all children, including girls and children with disabilities, return to school.
These initiatives are based on the Ministry of Education’s COVID-19 response plan.
In late March 2020, the UNICEF office in Rwanda received a GPE grant of US$70,000 to support the Ministry of Education with the overall development and implementation of remote learning, as well as overall coordination of the education sector response to school closure.
Education in Rwanda
Rwanda considers education a critical investment for the country’s future growth and development. This is evidenced by the increased share of the national budget allocated to the education sector, which is projected to increase from 17% in 2012/13 to 22% in 2017/18.
In the past few years, the education system in Rwanda has gone through an impressive period of growth especially in terms of access. Still, the country faces many challenges such as the onerous task of double-shift teaching for the primary school teachers and the language transition from French to English for grades 4 and above, which has been very difficult for teachers who do not have adequate time to improve their proficiency in English language.
The concepts of universal equitable access and quality education provision are the foundation of the Education Sector Strategic Plan (ESSP) 2013/14 -2017/18. This plan builds upon the national priority of making quality twelve-year basic education available for all children and also reflects the country’s mission to make education at all levels more accessible.
The ESSP outlines three main goals:
- Promoting access to education at all levels
- Improving the quality of education and training
- Strengthening the relevance of education and training to meet labor market demands.
Equity in access to education is emphasized to ensure that disadvantaged students, such as girls, the poor and the disabled, have access to quality learning opportunities.
The following expected outcomes have been developed based on the goals mentioned above:
- Expand access to 12 years of basic education
- Increase access for students with special needs
- Improve learning outcomes across primary and secondary education
- Ensure qualified, suitably-skilled and motivated teachers
- Increase equitable access to relevant, high-quality, demand-driven TVET programs
- Increase equitable access to affordable higher education
- Improve access to school readiness programs
- Strengthen performance in science, technology and innovation at all levels
- Increase access to Adult Basic Education to improve adult literacy and numeracy
- Improve administrative and management support services.
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The Rwanda Education Sector Program Implementation Grant (RESPIG), funded by a $30.8 million grant, is premised upon the Education Sector Strategic Plan (ESSP 2018-2023) priorities and has four components:
- Teacher training in curriculum delivery with emphasis on English and teachers’ English proficiency and inclusive education by:
- Providing multimedia equipment to the University of Rwanda College of Education and 16 teacher training colleges
- Strengthening school-based mentorship program to self-learning though the online courses and its face-to-face elements
- Supporting to the training unit and staff to develop a training framework to guide the implementation of school-based mentorship
- Training teachers in inclusive education in targeted schools.
- Curriculum development and procurement of teaching and learning materials, readers, and materials for learners in pre-primary and upper primary, including for children with special educational needs by:
- Developing, printing, and distributing teaching and learning materials and readers with a focus on STEM
- Procuring and distributing early childhood education kits
- Providing equipment and software required for digitalization, and digitalizing learning in primary and lower secondary education
- Developing digital content for the competence-based curriculum
- Providing smart-classroom equipment to targeted schools in lower secondary schools including alternative technologies to schools without connectivity
- Inducting 50 head teachers and teachers responsible for ICT in the effective use of smart classrooms.
- Enhancing STEM in pre-primary, primary and lower secondary by:
- Procuring science kits and laboratory equipment
- Providing materials for leaners with disabilities in 20 schools
- Building capacity of head teachers and teachers in the effective use of the science kits and how to use local resources to augment the kits in the teaching of science.
- School infrastructure in lower secondary through the construction of resource rooms in targeted junior secondary schools.
All amounts are in US dollars.
|Grant type||Years||Allocations||Disbursements||Grant agent|
|Program implementation||2020||30,800,000||0||Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office, UNICEF|
|2015-2018||25,200,000||25,200,000||Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office||Completion report|
|2011-2014||70,000,000||70,000,000||Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office|
|2009-2010||35,000,000||35,000,000||World Bank||Completion report|
|Sector plan development||2017-2018||323,570||323,570||Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office|
|Program development||2019-2020||121,776||0||Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office|
|2018||78,223||139,487||Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office|
GPE has also provided the Rwanda Education For All (REFAC) with a grant from the Civil Society Education Fund, to support its engagement in education sector policy dialogue and citizens’ voice in education quality, equity, and financing and sector reform.
Education sector progress
The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Rwanda, and GPE data shows the country progress on 16 indicators monitored in the GPE Results Framework.
Primary completion rate
Lower secondary completion rate
Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age
Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age
Pre-primary gross enrollment rate
Gender parity index for out-of-school rate
Public expenditure on education as share of GDP
Students/trained teacher ratio
Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.