Transforming education in Rwanda

Rwanda’s commitment to providing quality education for all children includes the introduction of free basic education and a competence-based curriculum. The uptake of primary education is high with net enrollment near 99%. However, upon completing primary education, many children are not equipped with foundational skills.

The education system has high rates of repetition, dropout and over-age children. To unlock large-scale change, Rwanda is working with GPE and other partners to improve inclusive quality teaching and learning.

The government and partners agree on the need to boost foundational literacy and numeracy and will harmonize interventions to improve the quality of instruction at pre-primary and lower primary levels. Teachers will be trained in learner-centered and inclusive pedagogies and equipped with new teaching and learning materials that are better aligned with the curriculum.

Additionally, Rwanda aims to ensure timely enrolment in and progression throughout education. This requires mobilizing parents and communities to support education, constructing more pre-primary classrooms to increase enrollment, establishing early identification of children with disabilities, and implementing remedial learning programs.

Measures to enhance education sector management, such as improving the collection and use of gender and disability data, will help Rwanda to better serve all students, including the most vulnerable.

Result story

Rwanda: Making strides in equity and inclusion

  • Rwanda has made education a priority sector to support its ambitious development objectives and grow a knowledge economy based on an educated workforce.
  • The focus on early childhood education means that more children get an early start and are ready to learn better throughout their schooling, with better quality teachers and more classrooms.
  • With GPE’s support, the country reinforces equity, to bring more girls and children with disabilities into classrooms and ensure they learn, and fights the impact on education from the COVID-19 pandemic.


(data as of May 23, 2024)

  • Type: System transformation

    Years: 2023 - 2028

    Allocation: US$31,290,000

    Utilization: 0

    Grant agent: UNICEF

  • Type: System capacity

    Years: 2023 - 2024

    Allocation: US$1,177,715

    Utilization: US$224,071

    Grant agent: UNICEF

  • Type: Program development

    Years: 2023 - 2024

    Allocation: US$195,500

    Utilization: 0

    Grant agent: UNICEF

  • Type: Multiplier

    Years: 2022 - 2026

    Allocation: US$30,000,000

    Utilization: US$3,763,755

    Grant agent: WB

  • Type: Program implementation

    Years: 2020 - 2024

    Allocation: US$30,800,000

    Utilization: US$20,023,292

    Grant agent: UNICEF

Civil society engagement

As part of its investment in civil society advocacy and social accountability efforts, GPE’s Education Out Loud fund is supporting Rwanda Education For All Coalition (REFAC) for the 2020-2023 period. This builds on previous support from the Civil Society Education Fund (CSEF).

Learn more

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