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Education in Somalia

Challenges confronting the education sector are the direct consequence of protracted emergencies over the past two decades stemming from conflict, drought and flooding. Together the multi-pronged emergencies have had a significant impact on the education systems and on the lives of children and youth. The challenges facing the sector are daunting, including lack of access and widespread inequity.

Progress in restoring the delivery of educational services has differed across regions. In Somaliland and Puntland where there was greater political stability, security, and administrative development, student enrollments improved substantially over the past two decades. Post-war educational reconstruction has been slow in South Central Somalia and opportunities for public education are limited as most primary and secondary schools are managed by non-state providers.

In addition, the education provision is of low quality, mainly due to the high number of unqualified and untrained teachers, multiple curricula, poor education infrastructure and weak capacity for service delivery. A decentralized education system is currently being operationalized, however, newly formed states, regional and district-level offices have limited technical and financial resources.

The Federal Government of Somalia’s Ministry of Education, Culture and Higher Education has developed its Education Sector Strategic Plan (2018-2020), which outlines its priorities to increase access to quality education for children and equip youth with the skills and knowledge needed to contribute to the social, political and economic development.

Given that the education sector is primarily financed by donor contributions and most of the schools are either community owned or under the management of private-sector umbrellas, the ESP development process was important for building buy-in around a shared agenda for the coming five years (2018-2022).

Recent achievements in support of improved learning outcomes include the development of the first unified curriculum and the implementation of a standardized exam system.

The lack of reliable data on children’s learning outcomes presents a major challenge to assessing the effectiveness of education at primary school level. The ESP seeks to address this gap through the introduction of early grade assessments and low-stakes assessments for monitoring learning outcomes. It also aims to strengthen and unify the examination system across Somalia.

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Latest grants

A student at the blackboard in Somaliland, Somalia. Credit: UNICEF/Hana Yoshimoto

In Somalia, GPE processes foster education sector coordination by encouraging regular meetings of the local education groups, joint sector reviews, and the inclusion of civil society.

Grants

All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Utilization Grant agent  
Somalia
Sector plan development 2017 462,552 462,552 UNICEF  
Program development 2017-2018 399,490 399,490 CARE  
Federal Government
COVID-19 2020-2021 5,356,673 5,356,673 Save the Children US  
Accelerated funding 2020-2021 9,170,000 8,757,095 Save the Children US  
Program implementation 2020-2023 20,000,000 12,919,812 Save the Children US  
2018-2022 25,850,000 21,151,139 CARE Progress report
2013-2017 8,200,000 8,200,000 UNICEF Completion report
Sector plan development 2020-2023 700,000 362,444 Save the Children US  
2012-2014 249,811 249,811 UNICEF  
2013-2014 120,172 120,172 UNICEF  
Program development 2019-2020 191,744 191,744 Save the Children US  
2012-2014 199,830 199,830 UNICEF  
Puntland
Accelerated funding 2020-2022 2,890,000 945,770 UNICEF  
COVID-19 2020-2021 1,300,000 1,211,544 UNICEF  
Program implementation 2017-2023 14,430,000 7,423,479 UNICEF  
2013-2016 2,100,000 2,096,744 UNICEF Completion report
Sector plan development 2021-2024 699,785 204,104 CARE  
2016-2017 481,305 481,305 Save the Children UK  
Program development 2016-2017 184,131 184,131 UNICEF  
Somaliland
COVID-19 2020-2021 2,192,452 2,062,326 Save the Children US  
Accelerated funding 2017-2018 1,920,000 0 Save the Children US Progress report
Program implementation 2018-2022 24,616,000 17,022,375 Save the Children US  
2013-2017 4,200,000 4,197,869 UNICEF  
Sector plan development 2020-2022 500,000 414,474 Save the Children US  
2016-2017 488,868 488,868 UNICEF  
Program development 2017-2018 164,947 164,947 Save the Children US  
  Total 127,067,760 95,268,698    
Data last updated: June 28, 2022

As part of its investment in civil society advocacy and social accountability efforts, GPE’s Education Out Loud fund is supporting the Education For All Somalia Coalition - EFASOM (for Federal Government) and the Somaliland Network on Education For All (SOLNEFA) for the 2019-2021 period.

This builds on 11 years of Civil Society Education Fund (CSEF) support to national education coalitions for their engagement in education sector policy dialogue.

GPE had provided the Education For All Somalia Coalition (EFASOM) with a grant from the CSEF to support its engagement in education sector policy dialogue and citizens’ voice in education quality, equity, and financing and sector reform.

Last updated September 10, 2021