In late March 2020, the UNICEF office in Tajikistan received a GPE grant of US$70,000 to support the Ministry of Education and Science with a National Education Preparedness Response Plan, in consultation with the local education group. The plan, launched in mid-April 2020, includes a detailed budget for additional education interventions, and was the basis for a EUR 9 million contribution from the European Union.
A joint rapid education needs assessment monitors the short- and long-term impact on this and next school years along with budgetary implications for the sector.
School-based communication and safety campaigns have been launched, including rehabilitation of WASH infrastructure.
The grant also supported the development of TV lessons and a distance learning platform, ensuring accessibility online and offline. The ministry was modernized with new equipment for distance learning.
Education in Tajikistan
The structure of education in the Republic of Tajikistan is made of many levels, from preschool through higher education, as well as continuing education and specialized education. Preschool education is one of the priority areas of the education sector.
The National Strategy for the Education Development (NSED) for the 2021-2030 period is the country’s main policy document in education. Its long-term goal is to create an effective education system that provides inclusive and equal opportunities and contributes to the development of abilities, intellectual development, employment, and improvement of the general well-being of the population.
The strategy recognizes that the quality of educational services in the country needs improvement and highlights that access to education remains challenging due to reasons such as: the insufficient growth in the number of preschool institutions, the poor quality of school infrastructure, and the relatively low qualifications of teachers.
Other barriers to improving education outcomes are low attendance rates, inadequate access to improved sanitation and water supply in rural schools, physical, financial and cultural barriers to overcoming social exclusion, and gender inequality in terms of access to education at all levels.
The key objectives of the NSED are to:
- ensure equal access and participation in education and science at all levels for all throughout life
- improve the quality and relevance of education and science at all levels
- strengthen effective governance of the education sector.
Universal access to quality education (SDG-4) remains a priority for the country and its public resource allocation and reforms.
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The GPE Multiplier grant of US$10 million aims at improving the learning environment and the effectiveness of education services. The Islamic Development Bank (IsDB) provides US$30 million in co-financing, while the government’s contribution is US$6 million. In addition, UNICEF will provide in-kind support in the amount of US$750,000.
The program supported by this funding has three objectives:
- Enhance access to quality education facilities in selected districts.
- Improve the efficacy of the competency-based education by reducing the gap between declared and implemented curriculum for math and languages in grades 5-9, supporting reform in assessment practices and stock-taking of various activities for effective implementation of competency-based education.
- Strengthen the education management information system and its piloting in the project area to support education sector policy, planning and evidence-based resource allocation.
The program directly contributes to the National Strategy for Education Development (NSED) 2012-2020 and will also be reflected in the NSED 2021-2030.
All amounts are in US dollars.
|Grant type||Years||Allocations||Disbursements||Grant agent|
|Program implementation||2013-2017||16,200,000||16,200,000||WB||Completion report|
|Sector plan development||2017-2020||304,000||133,400||UNICEF|
GPE has also provided the Alliance of CSOs for Education in Tajikistan with a grant from the Civil Society Education Fund, to support its engagement in education sector policy dialogue and citizens’ voice in education quality, equity, and financing and sector reform.
Education sector progress
The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Tajikistan, and GPE data shows the country progress on 16 indicators monitored in the GPE Results Framework.
Primary completion rate
Lower secondary completion rate
Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age
Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age
Pre-primary gross enrollment rate
Gender parity index for out-of-school rate
Public expenditure on education as share of GDP
Students/trained teacher ratio
Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.