Vietnam has adopted the Escuala Nueva model from Colombia to create schools that are more participatory. Credit: GPE/Koli Banik

Partner since:

Total grant support: US$85,181,453

Grant eligibility:

  • Multiplier
  • System capacity

Education sector plan

Objectives: Improve early learning; improve the quality of lower secondary education; strengthen ethnic minority boarding schools; restructure the vocational education system; expand non-public higher education; diversify various forms of continuing education and create life-long learning opportunities.

Other key documents

Coordinating agency: UNICEF

GPE Team lead: Aya Kibesaki

Transforming education in Vietnam

Vietnam recognizes education as a national priority. Since 2008, the government has been spending 20% of its budget on education. The government’s strong commitment to education and long standing cultural and social support for education have led to significant progress in the sector.

Vietnam has high primary school completion rates, strong gender parity, low student/teacher ratios, and a low out of school rate. The country policy “Fundamental School Quality Level Standards” provided universal access to education and ensured that minimal conditions were met in every primary school.

Despite these achievements, the country still faces some challenges. Access and quality are still concerns for lower secondary education and quality is limited in remote areas. Accessing and completing education is a greater challenge for female students and ethnic minorities.

The overall objectives of the Education Development Strategic Plan (EDSP) are to renovate the education system, move closer to regional and international quality standards, and ensure social equity and lifelong learning opportunities.

The EDSP outlines further objectives for all levels of education:

  1. Achieve universal early childhood and care education to ensure that all children have the proper intellectual, emotional, and physical development necessary to enter primary school.
  2. Improve and maintain the quality of universal lower secondary education and pursue universal upper secondary education in economically disadvantaged localities.
  3. Strengthen ethnic minority boarding schools and provide inclusive education at all levels.
  4. Restructure the vocational education system, establish new colleges that respond to learning needs, and ensure that students are equipped with the professional skills to participate in the international labor market.
  5. Expand non-public higher education and provide more university preparatory institutions for ethnic minorities.
  6. Diversify various forms of continuing education and create life-long learning opportunities to continuously improve professional qualifications.

The EDSP also covers nine strategic solutions focused on renovating education management, expanding the education institution network, developing human resources, and strengthening investment and training.

As part of its national education plans, Vietnam also has an Education For All Action Plan for 2003-2015, which was updated in 2012.

Result story

East Asia and Pacific: Better knowledge to strengthen education by learning with peers

Learning cycles, developed by the KIX Europe, Asia and Pacific hub, help education stakeholders access knowledge and build on it to address their specific education challenges. Read how Vietnam, the Maldives and Bhutan benefited.


(data as of October 03, 2023)

  • Type: Program development

    Years: 2021 - 2022

    Allocation: US$199,850

    Utilization: US$195,187

    Grant agent: WB

  • Type: Sector plan development

    Years: 2019 - 2023

    Allocation: US$467,290

    Utilization: US$467,290

    Grant agent: UNESCO

  • Type: Sector plan development

    Years: 2015 - 2018

    Allocation: US$225,880

    Utilization: US$225,880

    Grant agent: UNESCO

  • Type: Program implementation

    Years: 2013 - 2016

    Allocation: US$84,288,433

    Utilization: US$84,288,433

    Grant agent: WB


As part of its investment in civil society advocacy and social accountability efforts, GPE’s Education Out Loud fund is supporting the Vietnam Association for Education for All (VAEFA) for the 2020-2023 period. This builds on previous support from the Civil Society Education Fund (CSEF).

Learn more

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