Education in Mozambique
Since its independence, the government of Mozambique has viewed education as a fundamental right of all citizens and as essential for the reduction of poverty and the development of the country.
The government has prioritized the creation and expansion of opportunities to ensure that all children have access to, and complete, a basic education of seven years, while at the same time creating conditions for a sustainable expansion of quality post-primary education.
The three main objectives of the education sector plan for 2012-2016 (extended to 2019) are:
- To ensure inclusion and equity in access to school and retention by:
- Improving internal efficiency of institutions, which will lead to an increased number of graduates, diversified teaching modalities and expansion of the provision of education by the private sector.
- Implementing social support programs such as school feeding and material support for the most vulnerable children.
- Integrating specific interventions targeting cross-cutting areas including but not limited to HIV and AIDS, gender equity, special needs and inclusive education, the construction of healthy and safe schools, and school sports.
- To improve student learning by:
- Increasing access to financial, material and human resources that directly benefit schools.
- Ensuring that teachers are better prepared and supported by investing in teacher training, on-going assessments of student learning, and incentives to encourage better performance.
- Improving school management through greater attention to the selection, placement and capacity building of school managers; school supervision and monitoring; and capacity building of school councils, among others.
- To enhance good governance of the system by:
- Improving internal controls in implementing the sector's programs and in managing its resources.
- Strengthening supervision and inspection, and greater involvement of the school councils to ensure accountability and compliance with educational standards and norms.
Even though Mozambique has made significant progress, it still faces many challenges such as low retention, sub-optimal learning environment, and poor management at school level.
Interventions for the next few years focus on promoting:
- Local governance of the school through (i) local school ownership, (ii) district level supervision focused on student learning, and (iii) an empowered school principal;
- New dynamics in the classroom, mainly through more effective teachers in the first cycle of primary education,
- Better use of existing resources, ensuring their availability in school at the beginning of the school year and prioritizing the improvement of basic school conditions.
Source: Operational Plan 2015-2018