Education in Sudan

The government of Sudan recognizes education as a right for every citizen and guarantees access to free basic education. Achieving the Education for All targets is considered a pre-requisite for achieving socio-economic stability in Sudan.

The vision of the Interim Education Sector Strategic Plan (ESSP) is to create a distinctive education system based on science and values, with an emphasis on improving the access to school, the quality of the education being received, as well as a strengthening of the country’s educational system.

The plan outlines three strategic pillars:

  • Improve access to schooling for all including pre-school, basic and secondary education, technical and vocational, and out-of-school youth and adults.
  • Improve quality of schooling at all levels.
  • Strengthen the institutional capacity of the education system through curriculum renewal, learning assessments, system, teacher, and school management, and school health and nutrition.

There are six national objectives, with various intervention areas:

  1. To improve access to and quality of pre-school education through:
    • Developing sub-sector diagnostic and early childhood care policy
    • Strengthening and standardizing the curriculum
    • Improving teaching quality and providing teaching and learning materials
  2. To increase access to basic education through increasing capacity, reducing household costs, and encouraging demand.
  3. To provide access to general, technical and vocational education at secondary level to eligible basic school graduates and reduce disparities through:
    • Building new schools in areas with low enrollment rates and new streams to existing schools in densely populated areas
    • Removing barriers that prevent successful basic education graduates from joining secondary education
    • Ensuring access for special groups by establishing boarding facilities for students and housing for teachers
    • Establishing new technical schools and vocational centers
  4. To improve quality of learning in basic education, especially in early literacy and numeracy through:
    • Improving the learning environment and teaching quality
    • Providing teaching and learning materials
    • Ensuring healthy learning environments
    • Strengthening school supervision
  5. To enhance the quality of secondary education through:
    • Supporting the newly established professional academy for teacher training and intensifying in-service teacher training
    • Diversifying the curricula to include new fields
    • Improving the school environment
  6. To strengthen the education system to support achievement of national goals and strategic objectives through:
    • Building national capacity for curricula development
    • Developing and launching a National Learning Assessment
    • Strengthening school management and teacher management
    • Improving system performance management using EMIS, monitoring and evaluation, and finalizing the education sector plan for 2017-2021.

Blogs and news

Back to school campaign activities in Nepal. Credit: NCE Nepal
September 07, 2018
International Literacy Day is a vivid reminder for education stakeholders, including those within the Global Campaign for Education movement, that literacy is a key component of the SDGs. One of...
A 7th grade class in Sudan. Credit: GPE/Kelley Lynch
July 25, 2018
According to UNICEF, 49% of girls are missing out on primary education in Sudan. To improve education in targeted areas, GPE is investing in initiatives like the Basic Education Recovery Project,...
Rumana, a 26-year-old mother in Sudan, went back to school so she could help her own children learn. Credit: GPE/Kelley Lynch
June 27, 2018
Juliana, Bendu and Rumana, three girls living in GPE partner countries affected by fragility and conflict have one thing in common: they had to overcome several barriers to get a quality education....

Latest grant

Development objective: Improve the learning environment in targeted areas; increase the availability of textbooks; and strengthen education planning and management mechanisms
Grant agent:IBRD

The US$76.5 million GPE program in Sudan began in July 2013 and is focused on improving the learning environment, providing more textbooks, and strengthening the education system’s planning and management mechanisms.

The three components of the grant include:

  1. Improving the learning environment by building 2000 classrooms in rural areas and localities with low enrollment and providing school grants to 750 schools.
  2. Provision of textbooks, including procurement and distribution of about six million textbooks.
  3. Strengthening the monitoring and management mechanisms of the education system by building management capacity, establishing systems for learning assessment and teacher monitoring, and developing a full Education Sector Strategic Plan.

The Federal ministry of general education leads the program with the World Bank as the grant agent and UNICEF as the coordinating agency.


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent  
Program implementation 2013-2019 76,500,000 74,628,068 IBRD Progress report
Sector plan development 2016 499,900 499,900 IBRD
  TOTAL 76,999,900 75,127,968    

Education sector progress

The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Sudan. For detailed results from GPE funding, please look for progress reports in the Grants section.


Primary completion rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)

Public expenditure on education as a share of public expenditure (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers trained (%)

Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.

Last updated October 01, 2018