Eswatini's education system is organized into four levels: early childhood care, development and education; primary education; secondary education; post- school education and training comprising tertiary education; and technical and vocational education and training. Adult education/lifelong learning is provided for those who never enrolled or dropped out of the formal education system.
Eswatini is close to achieving universal access to primary education as a result of the Free Primary Education program introduced in 2010 to reduce financial, physical, and socio-cultural barriers to education.
The Education Sector Strategic Plan 2022-2034 for Eswatini presents the long-term strategic priorities for the education system, in line with the country's priorities. The plan is guided by an overall vision of “children and youth prepared for life through quality education, leading to enhanced social and human capital development and inclusive growth”.
The government aims to raise the quality of education in Eswatini by making progress in the following areas:
- Improving educational quality and student learning at all levels
- Retaining students in school until completion
- Strengthening entry and exit points of the education system
- Enhancing teacher development and management
- Ensuring adequate and equitable education financing and spending
- Further improving access
- Strengthening system resilience (after COVID) and preparing for future crisis prevention.