Education development in Sudan is anchored in the constitution, with clear provisions to facilitate investment in human capital at all levels of education and training.
The federal government, through its Federal Ministry of Education, is responsible for oversight in the sector and for the development and maintenance of standards including curriculum development and mobilization of resources from internal and external sources.
At the state level, educational boards, under the state ministries of education, organize and coordinate educational activities.
The country is emerging out of a deep political crisis, which has seriously affected the ability of the people in all states to keep their children in school.
Sudan’s Education Sector Strategic Plan (ESSP) 2018-2023 was endorsed in January 2019. Among other things, the plan is explicit about the humanitarian context in Sudan drawing from the Humanitarian Needs Overview of 2017.
The plan took the strategy of integration of the refugees and internally displaced people with the host communities in terms of provision of education.
Even though more children are accessing school today compared to 2009, the system is slowed down by high dropout rates rendering the achievement of universal basic education a big challenge for the country.
Significant numbers of children are still excluded from a conducive learning environment. For instance, only two thirds of learners in government basic education schools are seated and about 24,000 teachers in government basic education schools are volunteers.