Education in Sudan
Education development in Sudan is anchored in the constitution, with clear provisions to facilitate investment in human capital at all levels of education and training.
The federal government, through its Federal Ministry of Education, is responsible for oversight in the sector and for the development and maintenance of standards including curriculum development and mobilization of resources from internal and external sources.
At the state level, educational boards, under the state ministries of education, organize and coordinate educational activities.
The country is emerging out of a deep political crisis, which has seriously affected the ability of the people in all states to keep their children in school.
Sudan’s Education Sector Strategic Plan (ESSP) 2018-2023 was endorsed in January 2019. Among other things, the plan is explicit about the humanitarian context in Sudan drawing from the Humanitarian Needs Overview of 2017. The plan took the strategy of integration of the refugees and internally displaced people with the host communities in terms of provision of education.
Even though more children are accessing school today compared to 2009, the system is slowed down by high dropout rates rendering the achievement of universal basic education a big challenge for the country. Significant numbers of children are still excluded from a conducive learning environment. For instance, only two thirds of learners in government basic education schools are seated and about 24,000 teachers in government basic education schools are volunteers.
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Sudan has received an accelerated grant of US$11.8 million. The 14-month program titled “Sudan Basic Education Emergency Support Project” aims to provide rapid support to schools, considering the deteriorating economic conditions, to sustain student enrollment and retention.
Component 1: School grants program
This component supports the provision of school grants to improve learning environments and school planning, with the main objective of supporting student enrollment and retention in 16,500 public schools across all 18 states in Sudan, to offset the risk of children dropping out of school.
The grants are expected to be an important source of funding for schools to support the acquisition of basic learning materials, stationery, notebooks, classroom furniture, provide services such as water provision and support small repairs, which will contribute to improve the learning environment, which can attract and retain students and teachers in school.
Besides school grants, all schools will develop school improvement plans (SIPs) through a participatory process involving parents and teachers’ associations (PTAs) as well as the community surrounding the schools. The project will provide training to school heads and one member of PTA on participatory planning and use of school grants.
Key activities include:
- Assessing capacity of localities and schools in participatory planning and monitoring of school results
- Training of school heads and PTAs in participatory planning and monitoring of school results, including learning
- Training of locality supervisors to provide support to schools as needed
- Providing grants to schools to improve learning environments.
Component 2: Project coordination and management
A project coordination unit supports the Ministry of Education at federal, state and local levels. It is responsible for capacity building activities to ensure that relevant officials perform their role in overseeing implementation of the school grants.
The project is implemented by public schools with the support of the locality, state and federal ministry of Education, using the existing government structures. At the federal level, the department of planning provides the overall coordination and support the school grants activities.
All amounts are in US dollars.
|Grant type||Years||Allocations||Disbursements||Grant agent|
|Program implementation||2020-2021||11,800,000||-||World Bank||2013-2019||76,500,000||76,472,764||World Bank||Progress report|
|Sector plan development||2016||499,900||499,900||World Bank|
GPE has also provided Sudanese Coalition for Education for All (SCEFA) with a grant from the Civil Society Education Fund, to support its engagement in education sector policy dialogue and citizens’ voice in education quality, equity, and financing and sector reform.
Education sector progress
The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Sudan, and GPE data shows the country progress on 16 indicators monitored in the GPE Results Framework.
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Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.