GPE helps governments develop and finance the implementation of strong education sector plans that improve equity and learning

GPE leverages the financial support and expertise of donors, developing country governments, international organizations, civil society, teacher organizations, the private sector and philanthropy to ensure the delivery of results.

Worldwide, it is estimated that an additional US$39 billion is needed to fill the annual external financing gap and provide quality pre-primary, primary and secondary education to all children by 2030. It costs only US$1.25 per day to educate a child in a developing country.

GPE 2020 aims to mobilize more and better financing for education by attracting additional donors to education as well as seeking increased financing from traditional donors. Through innovative ways of mobilizing funding, including new financial instruments, GPE is determined to unlock further investments.

GPE adheres to high standards of transparency in regards to its governance, policies, financing, and program funding. We regularly publish data compliant with the standards of the International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) registry. 

View GPE data in the IATI registry


GPE's 3rd replenishment covers the period 2018-2020 and its goal is to reach financing of US$2 billion a year by 2020.
GPE’s new financing and funding framework enables a step change in funding for the development of effective education systems in 80+ developing countries
GPE is working with developing countries to increase domestic investment in education, and this is the focus of GPE’s strategic plan and its results-based funding model.

Domestic financing

GPE encourages partner developing countries to provide sufficient domestic financing for education. Working with partners, GPE promotes transparent reporting and government budgetary allocations to education that progressively reach the internationally agreed-upon benchmark of 20% of total expenditure, with a significant proportion (45%) for primary education.

GPE promotes an approach that strengthens the entire education system and supports DCPs through strengthening education sector planning, mobilizing more and better financing, and supporting mutual accountability.

Read the policy brief on GPE's engagement on domestic financing for education

Funding model

5-year-old Karen attends the Guardabarranco School in Acoyapa, Nicaragua. Credit: GPE/Carolina Valenzuela

5-year-old Karen attends the Guardabarranco School in Acoyapa, Nicaragua.

Credit: GPE/Carolina Valenzuela

To enhance its impact, the Global Partnership for Education has adopted in 2014 a results-based funding model. Funding allocations are made with an emphasis on equity, efficiency and learning, and ensure that results are the key focus:

  • Allocations are based on countries' needs. Eligibility to receive a Program Implementation Grant is based on poverty level, education vulnerability (number of children out of school) and fragility.
  • Performance is key:
    • Eligible countries can receive 70% of their maximum allocation based on a credible education sector plan endorsed by national and international partners, the commitment to collect and analyze data to better manage their education system, and an increase in domestic spending on education up to at least 20% of the national budget.
    • To receive the remaining 30% of the allocation, countries must demonstrate significant results in three essential dimensions of the education system: equity, efficiency, and learning outcomes.

GPE grants

When a country lacks sufficient financing to develop or implement its education plan, GPE can provide different types of grants:

Education sector plan development grants provide up to US$500,000 to developing countries interested in joining GPE to develop a solid education sector plan or improve on an existing one. 

Program development grants provide US$200,000 (up to US$400,000 in exceptional cases) for the design of an education program that will help the country to implement its national sector strategy.

Education sector program implementation grants provide up to US$100 million to finance a program that supports the implementation of their education sector plan.

GPE also provides grants to national civil society education coalitions through the Civil Society Education Fund and knowledge grants through the Global and Regional Activities Program.

View useful resources for GPE grants

Grant allocation per year, 2003-2016

GPE cumulative grant allocations by year

Source: Global Partnership for Education

Financing and funding framework

Launching in 2018, the new financing and funding framework (FFF) includes a mix of funding mechanisms that will enable GPE to increase and leverage financing for education and deliver on the ambition of GPE 2020. The key features of the FFF are:

Making a better case for investing in education: Building a strong and tailored investment case and bringing investors together to secure commitments.

Crowding-in additional financing for the education sector: Increasing co-financing and using grants to leverage financing from other sources including multilateral development banks, development partners, and private investment.The new GPE Multiplier will incentivize low and lower middle-income countries to obtain additional funding from external sources, generating at least US$3 for every US$1 of GPE grants funds.

Reinforcing domestic resource mobilization: Requiring a gradual increase for education to 20% of the national budget and strengthened engagement with ministries of Finance to ensure sufficient resources for the education sector.

Creating two new innovative funding mechanisms to support global public goods:

  • Funding knowledge and innovation. Share the experience from across the partnership to scale up and fund innovative approaches to overcome policy challenges.
  • Advocating for transparency, accountability and social mobilization. Support partners to build the political will needed to adopt policies, practices, and inclusive approaches.

Increased flexibility to target funds: Providing more opportunities for contributors to target funds to specific geographic and thematic areas.